According to the Greek text of Hebrews 9:26, Jesus came at the consummation of the eons. He promised to return shortly (Revelations 22:20). The Scriptures refer to the four thousand years of Old Testament history as the eons. The Apostle Paul wrote that the awaited decisive epoch (kairos) has been shortened (1 Corinthians 7:29). Jacob explained that his days and years were shorter and worse than the days and years of his fathers (see note from the Hebrew of Genesis 47:9). One of Job’s geological markers for a lifetime was the sea (Hebrew word for west) dried (Job 14:11). We confirm Job’s statement since layers of, salt, gypsum and stromatolites lie between thick beds of plankton on the Mediterranean seafloor. The Hebrew of Job 14:20 also mentioned that their faces changed (doubled) before they died. Our skulls keep slowly growing with age. If we lived for geological ages, we would grow thick, Neanderthal brows. The Mediterranean sea floor and the skulls of our ancestors support Job’s statements of how people experience geological events in few days, back when dinosaurs lounged in the rushing waters of the Jordan (Job 40). This La Chapelle Neanderthal skull photo was published in the Public Library of Science journal under the Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 license.
The aberration (transit delay) of the Sun’s gravity results in a different torque on Earth’s afternoon side then the morning side. This torque gradually accelerates Earth’s orbit and rotation. If this is so, the outer planets should experience a greater angular gravity offset than the inner planets, which should gradually result in logarithmic spacing between planets. Indeed, solar system planets and large moons are separated by logarithmically increasing distances. Even planets around nearby stars, such as HD10180, show logarithmic spacings. The planets all gravitationally affect each other, which may be why they orbit in a plane and their synodic ratios stay the same, relative to Earth days. Angular measurements trump ambiguous time ideas. Ptolemy measured the diameter of the planets 1850 years ago, and they were all larger than what we measure. Over the centuries, astronomers measured a decreasing solar parallax. The 2004 Venus transit had a mean solar parallax of 0.25 seconds less (larger distance) than the 1960’s clock-calculated AU.
During the patriarchal age, people were afraid of close planetary encounters, which the Bible also mentions. The Babylonians described how Marduk (Jupiter) shattered the planet Tiamat. The Greeks claimed the planet Phaeton disappeared in a flash. The Canaanite wrote that Baal (Jupiter) destroyed Yam. The Egyptians recounted how Seth broke Osiris into 14 pieces. Job mentioned the shattering of the mighty Rahab (Job 9:13, Job 26:12-13). Thousands of irregular planet pieces (containing volcanic and sedimentary rocks) orbit between Mars and Jupiter. Ancient people also yearned for the patriarchal age when, they believed, people lived for eons.
Gravity aberration is certainly a factor, but not a sufficient cause for cosmic history. Process gravity theory establishes a gravitational cause on “a what you see is what you get” basis. Understanding that matter changes as a process (relationally) explains what is visible, that all clocks accelerate and local atomic clocks generally run the fastest. The matter in the most-distant galaxy analyzed to date clocked 8% of the light frequencies emitted by modern atoms. NASA reflected (through transponders) radio signals (derived from hydrogen maser atomic clocks) using the spin stabilized Pioneers 10 & 11. The clocks signals from the past were slower than NASA’s clocks of the moment. The clock signals changed relative to distance at approximately the Hubble ratio times the speed of light. Astronomers use the Hubble ratio to estimate galactic distances using their observed light-clock frequencies. Evidently all atomic clocks are accelerating continually.
We observe how the stars in galaxies spread out from minuscule cores. The earliest spiral galaxies are often surrounded by equally spaced star globs, like beads on a necklace. At many ranges, in billions of examples, we observe how spiral galaxies intrinsically grew as stars continued to emerge from the core and accelerate outward in lanes. We also observe powerful jets at many ranges in the universe. Even local stars are shooting out double jets to form huge, dusty nebulae.
Visibly, as atoms accelerate their clock rates, the orbits concurrently spiral outward. Evidently gravity emerges from the manner in which atoms change. Orbits are clock-like because clocks and orbits both accelerate as the properties of matter continue to change relationally.
Scientific gravity theories are based on the first law (arche ktisis) that Peter predicted for the last days. Peter identified this law as “all things remain the same” (2 Peter 3:3 – 6). 700 years ago, medieval friars invented the concepts of unchanging being and essence, upon which western science was built. Modern definitions of time and matter, scientific methods and mathematical constants were founded on the notion that the properties of matter are fixed. Indeed, scientists use clocks to define most of their empirical measuring units, such as distance, mass, energy and velocity. Then they circle back to calculate unchanging orbits, measured with clocks. It is impossible to contrive a precision empirical system (except for angles) without relying on the notion that matter is NOT changing relationally. If it did, both sides of a balance scale would change equally and all local clocks would accelerate together. The scientific universe is crammed full of magical undetectable things (like the vacuum of space time stretching light) to protect their basic assumption that matter is not changing itself.
Relational change is when things changes together, in an orderly way. The Apostle Paul used orderly submission and together verbs to describe how the creation is enslaved to change ( Romans 8:19 – 22).
Evidently ancient matter had lower inertia than modern matter. Huge creatures once ran and flew on Earth. If they were alive today, they would have great trouble standing or taking off. Process gravity theory is based on the notion that gravity emerges as matter changes itself relationally. Perhaps this is why the early Earth was a minuscule planet. The Bible states three times that the Earth spreads out in unbroken continuity. Indeed, the continents only fit together on a tiny globe, without major seas. The youngest sea floor emerges along a global expansion seam in every ocean. The subduction theory is contradicted by the layered sediments in the ocean trenches. The gif of the growing Earth is from Michael Netzer who allows distribution with attribution.
The most powerful evidence for how matter continues to change relationally is how galaxies formed, which visually confirms the Genesis account. First Elohim finished the creation of the plural heavens and earth. At that stage the Earth was formless and dark. Then Elohim continued to command light to continue to be, which was evidently when matter began to have extension in space. Indeed, the properties of matter are relationally connected to internal light that dithers around within. Half way through the creation week, Elohim continued to form the Sun, Moon and stars (evidently from the formless stuff created on the first day). He continues to command lights that are spreading things (raqiya) to serve as markers for days, seasons and years. He continues to spread out the plural heavens in unbroken continuity and to call the stars to come out, yet none are missing. The visible creation of the cosmos supports a literal, rather than a scientific, interpretation of the Genesis account.
Photo credit for planetary nebula Fleming 1: ESO’s Very Large Telescope and H. Boffin. A star lies at the heart of this nebula that has ejected a twisted bidirectional jet and a series of concentric gas envelopes. What is visible, is a violation of the notion that the properties of matter are fixed, upon which the scientific laws of gravity depend. Astronomers mathematically calculate that two stars orbit each other in 1.2 days at the center of the nebula. The dwarfs are allegedly pulling the jets out from each other gravitationally. Scientists calculate the existence of invisible things using their notion that the properties of matter are fixed, not emerging relationally. Yet in billions of galaxies, we observe how compact objects ejected star glob streams as galaxies intrinsically grew into huge growth spirals.